Second Workshop



Following the successful workshop on Mars held in Budapest in 2012, at the initiative of the European Space Agency (ESA) and made possible by the Hungarian Space Office, the International Cartographic Association, the Karoly Nagy Astronomical Foundation and Carl Zeiss Technika Kft., the participants decided that such meetings should be continued, with a similar format and a suggested periodicity of two years. It was agreed that the next meeting would be held in Poland.

Time has flown, and the Second Workshop on Mars - Connecting Planetary Scientists in Europe (MPSE 2014) is now scheduled  for June 3–5, 2014, at the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. Like in Budapest, time will be shared between invited science overview presentations, and shorter presentations in every field connected to Mars science research. One of the reasons for the success of the Budapest workshop was that the objective of having scientists (including a fair amount of students) from Eastern and Western Europe discussing in the same room, together and with prominent ESA Mars scientists, was fully met. In Warsaw we will try to renew this fruitful experience.

New this year, technology enters the conference through the visit of the instrumentation laboratories at the Polish Space Research Centre,  where robotic and remote sensing payloads and space systems have been developed for missions such as Herschel, Mars Express, Venus Express, Cassini-Huygens, and Rosetta and where development of new, innovative payloads is in progress. Demonstrations of Martian platform prototypes are also expected.

Moreover, a geological excursion to the Morasko Meteorite Nature Reserve is scheduled the day after the workshop ends; and for those who have enough of science and technology after these three intense days, a cultural discovery of Warsaw will be proposed instead.

Look now at the Second Announcement for more information. The organising committee will be pleased to welcome you in Warsaw in June!


This event is being made possible through generous contributions of 4 sponsors: European Space Agency, the Polish Space Research Centre and the Institute of Geological Sciences, both of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and Astri Polska.



  • 17 December 2013: First announcement online
  • 15 February 2014: Second circular online; modification of the forthcoming deadlines
  • 18 February 2014: Minor changes in the preliminary agenda given in the First Announcement, and the succession of invited lectures in the Programme section.
  • 25 March 2014: Clarification of conference topics in second announcement in order to include any contributed presentations in the planetary sciences field.
  • 12 April 2014: deadlines for abstract submission, presentation acceptance, and agenda posting postponed by one week.
  • 10 September 2014: Conference books online.














    The Second Mars Workshop "Connecting Planetary Scientists in Europe" will be held in Warsaw in June 3-5, 2014. Like in Budapest in 2012, the morning lectures will consist of reviews on Mars science topics and missions. The afternoon sessions will be devoted to shorter oral contributions (15-20 minutes including questions) in any fields of Mars Science, including, but not limited to:

    • Mars geology, geophysics and geochemistry: cratering, hydrology, geodynamics, geomorphology, sedimentology, tectonics, volcanism
    • Mars atmosphere, climate, weather
    • Mars astrobiology
    • Mars glaciology
    • Martian meteorites
    • Mars in the context of solar system evolution
    • Comparative approaches: Mars-Earth, terrestrial planets
    • Phobos and Deimos
    • Exploration of Mars and its moons
    • Sensors and new technologies for planetary exploration
    • Other planetary topics.

    Like for the MPSE 2012 workshop, the invited lectures will be related to Mars, but presentations on other planetary topics will be considered.

    The abstracts will be posted online and will be printed as an ESA publication. Check the deadlines for submission in the dedicated menu.




    June 3

    June 4

    June 5

    June 6




    8:15 – 9:00

    On-site registration, coffee and welcome address


    Whole-day optional excursions:


    Morasko Meteorite Reserve


    Discovering Warsaw

    9:00 – 11:00

    Overview lectures

    11:00 – 11:30

    Coffee break and poster session

    11:30 – 12:30

    Overview lectures

    12:30 – 13h30

    Lunch break and robot demonstrations

    13:30 – 15:30

    Afternoon sessions, 1

    15:30 – 16:00

    Coffee break and poster session

    16:00 – 18:00

    Afternoon sessions, 2

    Social events

    Welcome Drink
    Conference Dinner



    The workshop will give the opportunity to visit the Centre's  space instrumentation  development laboratories. Time will also be made available for the demonstration of Mars exploration platform prototypes.



    The workshop will be followed by two optional 1-day excursions on June 6:

    • Excursion to the Morasko Meteorite Reserve (near Poznań)
    • Discovering Warsaw



    Both oral presentations and posters will be welcome. The authors will be requested to indicate their preference, oral or poster, and the organisation committee will do its best to satisfy these notifications.



    There are no fees for participation to the workshop, including the sessions, coffee breaks, lunch, the visit of the CBK laboratories, and the Tuesday Icebreaker Drink. A participation of 10-15 EUR may be requested for the Thursday Dinner, depending on the number of participants. The exact amount will be given in the second announcement, and will be paid at the conference.

    The cost of the post-conference excursion to the Morasko Meteorite Reserve (anticipated to be within the range 30-50 EUR) will be given in the second announcement. The post-conference excursion in Warsaw is free (registration will be needed though).



    The number of participant is limited by the size of the conference room, which can host not more than 110 participants. The number of participants to the two optional excursions will also be restricted.


    In order to help in workshop planning, the interested researchers are kindly requested to email the organisers a preliminary indication of interest before January 31, 2014.

    - Email address:
    - Email subject: MPSE 2014 – Indication of Interest
    - Email body:

    • Name of the interested participant(s)
    • Interested in participating to the Morasko field excursion: yes or no
    • Interested in the Discovery of Warsaw excursion: yes or no

    (remember that participation to the Morasko and Warsaw excursions is mutually exclusive)

    Registration and abstract submission will be possible after January 31st; however, due the limited number of seats (110), those having indicated their interest prior to this date will have priority.




    Registration to MPSE 2014 is now open!


    Abstract submission and registration

    The deadline for registration and abstract submission is April 20th. All the details are provided in the Registration and abstract submission menu. Both oral and poster presentations are possible; however, if too many oral presentation are requested, some authors may be requested to transform their talk to a poster. Maximum poster dimensions are 100 cm in width and 130 cm in height.


    Like in 2012, mornings will be devoted to invited review lectures on hot Martian topics, both for students and researchers. The Programme menu lists some of the speakers and lectures. The afternoon sessions will include oral contributed presentations of duration 15 min + 5 minutes for questions.

    The posters will be displayed from the first to the last day not far from the conference room, the coffee room, and the lunch area, so that discussions around the posters will be possible during all the 30-min long coffee breaks and during the lunch breaks.

    Like in 2012, although the invited lectures are devoted to Mars, but contributed presentations in other areas of planetary sciences are welcome.

    Visits of laboratories and robot demonstrations

    Time will be reserved for a visit to the Robotics and Mechatronics and the Remote Sensing laboratories of the Space Research Centre PAN in small groups, where a number of instruments for space missions have been designed and built; registration will be on site.

    Demonstrations of various rovers, including Magma, are planned too.

    Social events

    The Welcome Drink (see the agenda in the first announcement) will be at the Space Research Centre.

    The Thursday Conference Dinner will be in a good restaurant. It is optional, and a participation of 10 euros or 42 złoty is requested. Payment in euros is to be made before May 11th by money transfer; in złoty it can be alternatively made cash the first day of the conference, during the on-site registration. See the Registration and abstract submission page for details.

    Post-conference excursions

    Details of the 'Morasko Meteorite Nature Reserve' and 'Discovery of Warsaw' excursions are now available. See the Post-conference excursions page. Don't forget to register for these excursions before May 11th!


    There are no hotels close to the Space Research Centre; however there are many hotels at a short bus distance. See the Venue page for the different ways to get to the Space Research Centre. We advise the participants to book their accommodation as soon as possible, many conferences and congresses organized in Warsaw will take place in June.

    A selection of nearby hotels and hostels at cheap to moderate price (1 złoty equals ~ 0.24 euro):

    Oki-Doki hostel: ~100 PLN/night/person (private bathroom)

    Tapir hostel: ~100 PLN (shared bathroom)

    Adventura hostel: ~100 PLN (private bathroom)

    Globetrotter hostel: 65 PLN

    Mazowiecki Hotel: starting at 130 PLN

    Castle Inn by Oki Doki: ~150 PLN

    Training and Conference Centre (Centrum Szkoleniowo-Konferencyjne): starting at 150 PLN

    A little more expensive:

    Łazienkowski Hotel: starting at 230 PLN

    Belwederski Hotel: starting at 230 PLN


    See MPSE 2014 accommodation on a bigger map. You may also download the Google Earth file.


    Even more expensive hotels are easily found using your favourite web browser.





    Participants need to register for the conference before April 20th, 2014. The abstracts are due the same date. The participants to the excursions need to register separately, before May 11th.


    Conference registration

    There are no conference fees, but the participants are kindly requested to register before April 13th. Please return the conference registration form.


    Abstract submission

    Abstract length is one A4 page. Use this abstract submission template in MS Word format, and return it by email together with your conference registration to the email address indicated in the conference registration form.

    High-quality figures are welcome within the abstract, as they will attract the reader's attention more efficiently than a full text page would. Please try not to exceed 1 or 2 Mb per abstract.

    The abstracts will be posted  online, as well as published as an ESA Conference Abstract Book.

    The maximum number of presentations that a first author may submit is two.


    Conference dinner and excursion registration


Please fill in the Conference dinner and excursion registration form and return it before May 11th.





    The duration of the contributed talks is 20 minutes, including 5 minutes of questions. If you have an oral presentation, please provide it in ppt or pdf format on a USB key to be downloaded to the conference room computer before your session starts. You may prefer to use your own laptop, but note that a Macintosh adaptor cannot be provided.



    8:15 9:00 Welcome coffee and on-site registration
    9:00 9:10 Welcome address

    Morning session - Invited review lectures

    ESA and its science missions
    Agustin Chicarro
    9:40 10:10 Mars exploration in ESA
        Agustin Chicarro



    Coffee break

    10:30 11:30 The atmosphere and climate of Mars
        Franck Montmessin
    11:30 12:30 Habitability of Mars, Enceladus, Europa and Titan –challenges in astrobiology and planetary research
        Jean-Pierre de Vera
    Lunch break and Martian rover demonstration: Magma White (ABM Space Education)

    Afternoon sessions - Contributed talks

    Space policy and industry

    Poland in ESA – International cooperation in Mars exploration
        Beata Mikołajek-Zielińska
    14:20 14:40 Astri Polska
        Marie-Catherine Palau

    Planetary mapping

    14:40 15:00 Detailed CTX-based geomorphologic mapping in Western Valles Marineris
        Krzysztof Dębniak, Daniel Mège, Marion Massé
    15:00 15:20 Creation of the Phobos Atlas based on Mars Express mission data
        Alexander Kokhanov, I. Karachevtseva, A. Konopikhin, A. Zubarev, I. Nadezhdina, L. Mitrokhina, N. Kozlova, V. Patratiy and J. Oberst

    The current Martian atmosphere and associated surface processes

    15:20 15:40 Mars Climate Sounder observations of wave structure in the north polar middle atmosphere of Mars during the summer season
        Paulina Wolkenberg and John Wilson
    15:40 16:00 SHARAD data mapping for surface ice detection
        Luigi Castaldo, Daniel Mège, Roberto Orosei, Giovanni Alberti, Joanna Gurgurewicz



    Coffee break and poster/exhibition session

    16:30 16:50 Ice melting by radiantly heated dust grains on the Martian Northern Pole
        Anna Łosiak and Leszek Czechowski
    16:50 17:10 Conditions for the appearance of interfacial liquid water at the northern hemisphere of Mars
        Ákos Kereszturi and Thomas Appéré
    17:10 17:30 Seasonal flows on dark martian slopes, thermal condition for liquescence of salts
        Konrad Kossacki and Wojciech Markiewicz

    Asteroids and comets

    17:30 17:50 Comet 9P/Tempel 1: evolution of the surface
        Konrad Kossacki
    17:50 18:10 Thermal conductivity determination from active measurements – Influence of boundary conditions
        Agata Białek, Marek Banaszkiewicz, Roman Wawrzaszek, Jerzy Grygorczuk and Karol Seweryn
    18:10 18:30 Dynamical evolution of H chondrite parent asteroid – Record in the Pułtusk meteorite
        Agata Krzesińska



    Poster session, MExLab Phobos exhibition and ESA-sponsored drink




    8:00 8:30 Good morning coffee

    Morning session - Invited review lectures

    The early Martian environment: an astronomical view
    Hans Rickman and Uffe Jorgensen
    9:30 10:30 Early crust formation on Mars, the meteorite evidence: impact breccia with 4.4 Ga zircons
        Roger Hewins



    Coffee break

    11:00 12:00 Planetary seismology: From the Moon with Apollo to Mars with InSight
        Taichi Kawamura, Philippe Lognonné and the SEIS/InSIght Team
    Lunch break and Martian rover demonstration: Scorpio III (Wrocław University of Technology)

    Afternoon sessions - Contributed talks

    Ancient dynamics of Mars

    Potential of magnetic measurements for detection of horizontal movements of the Martian crustal blocks
        Marek Lewandowski, Waldemar Jóźwiak and Krzysztof Mizerski
    13:50 14:10 Clast classification in Martian meteorite NWA7034/NWA8114
        Jane MacArthur and John Bridges
    14:10 14:30 Evidence for post-Noachian highly viscous lavas in southern highlands of Mars
        Petr Brož, Ernst Hauber, Thomas Platz and Matt Balme

    Mission concepts, instruments and sensors

    14:30 14:50 Polish Analogue Mars Rover Program
        Mateusz Józefowicz and Sebastian Meszyński
    14:50 15:10 The importance of adequate activity planning strategies for successful human Mars missions
        Sebastian Hettrich, Aline Dinkelaker, Efstratia Salteri, Leila Ghasemzadeh, Ali Alizade, Elena Lupu, Isabella Pfeil, Carmen Felix, Tilo Kauerhoff and Nina Sejkora
    15:10 15:30 Highlights from the MARS2013 Mars Analog Expedition
        Gernot Groemer and Anna Łosiak



    Coffee break

    16:00 16:20 Technological features and concept of planetary highland terrain hopper
        Łukasz Wiśniewski, Jerzy Grygorczuk, Daniel Mège, Joanna Gurgurewicz, Tomasz Kuciński, Tomasz Barciński, Hans Rickman and Agata Nicolau-Kuklińska
    16:20 16:40 Optical sensors designed in frame of the AEROFAST project in Space Research Centre PAS
        Piotr Wawer, Mirosław Rataj, Paweł Grudziński, Łukasz Płatos and Maciej Kalarus
    16:40 17:00 Investigation of the Martian lightning activity and the subsurface of Mars
        Joanna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Kułak and Janusz Mlynarczyk
    17:00 17:20 Penetrators for planetary subsurface exploration
        Jerzy Grygorczuk, Łukasz Wiśniewski, Bartosz Kędziora, Marcin Dobrowolski, Marta Tokarz, Jacek Krasowski, Marek Banaszkiewicz, Karol Seweryn and Roman Wawrzaszek
    17:20 17:40 Measurements of physical parameters of the regolith during operation of ultralight mobile drilling system
        Karol Seweryn
    17:40 18:00 Numerical simulations of the quadrupole mass analyser in context of its potential application on the Low Velocity Penetrator
        Agata Nicolau-Kuklińska and Karol Seweryn



    Visit of Space Research Centre PAS technological laboratories

    Free evening




    8:00 8:30 Good morning coffee

    Morning session - Invited review lectures

    Comparison of terrestrial planets
    Angelo Pio Rossi
    9:30 10:30 Volcanism and tectonism on Mars
        Ernst Hauber



    Coffee break

    11:00 12:00 Why study Phobos and Deimos?
        Jürgen Oberst
    Lunch break and Martian rover demonstration: HUSAR-5 (Széchenyi István Gimnázium, Sopron)

    Afternoon sessions - Contributed talks

    Glaciations and tectonism on Mars

    The motion of Martian glaciers and geothermic heat flow
        Leszek Czechowski
    13:50 14:10 Early Hesperian Warm-Based Glaciation in Isidis Planitia, Mars
        Thomas Guidat, Stéphane Pochat, Olivier Bourgeois and Ondřej Souček
    14:10 14:30 Origin of the observed deformation in Valles Marineris: an equatorial fossilised glacier system and no regional tectonics
        Daniel Mège, Olivier Bourgeois, Marine Gourronc, Frédéric Gueydan, Olga Kromuszczyńska, Magdalena Makowska, Stéphane Pochat, Krzysztof Dębniak, Joanna Gurgurewicz
    14:30 14:50 Ornak (Tatra Mountains) as a terrestrial analogue for Martian deep-seated gravitational spreading (sackung)
        Olga Kromuszczyńska, Daniel Mège and Antoine Lucas
    14:50 15:10 Mechanical modelling of deep-seated gravitational spreading in Valles Marineris, Mars
        Magdalena Makowska, Frédéric Gueydan, Daniel Mège



    Coffee break

    Rocks, grains and minerals

    15:40 16:00 Alteration on Mars: study of near-infrared spectra of terrestrial basalts altered in contrasted climate conditions
        Joanna Gurgurewicz, Daniel Mège, Véronique Carrère, Anne Gaudin, Joanna Kostylew, Yann Morizet and Marta Skiścim
    16:00 16:20 Alteration features in basalts identified by atomic force microscopy and implications for Mars
        Marta Skiścim, Joanna Gurgurewicz and Daniel Mège
    16:20 16:40 Variable fluorescence imaging for life detection – promising tool or not?
        Jana Kvíderová
    16:40 17:00 Martian beaches sands – The characteristics of olivine weathering in a beach environment
        Anna Losiak, Barbara Woronko, Robert Craddock
    17:00 17:20 Determining the size and shape of Martian grains
        Joanna Kozakiewicz

    General discussion

    17:20 18:20 Discussion moderated by Agustin Chicarro, Ákos Kereszturi and Daniel Mège




    Conference dinner at Dawne Smaki




    Post-conference excursions

    Excursion 1 - Morasko Meteorite reserve

    08:00 Departure from Warsaw (bus)

    20:30 Return to Warsaw


    Excursion 2 - Discovery of Warsaw

    9:00 Departure from Zamkowy Square

    End of excursion depending on participants




    Original thematic maps from the new Atlas of Phobos prepared by the MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory, Moscow (presentation by Kokhanov et al. on Monday) will be displayed in the poster area throughout the workshop.



    Asteroids, comets and impacts

    Thermophysical properties of NWA 6255 (L4) chondrites – preliminary results
    Katarzyna Łuszczek and Radosław A. Wach
    A new model of physical decay of Jupiter family comets
    Hans Rickman, Sławomira Szutowicz and Kamil Wójcikowski
    The methods of Impact probability calculations
    Hans Rickman, Tomasz Wiśniowski, Paweł Wajer, Ryszard Gabryszewski, Giovanni Valsecchi

    Planetary atmospheres

    Temperature profiles obtained using two retrieval methods on Venus
    Paulina Wolkenberg and Marek Banaszkiewicz


    Planetary science and Mars related education in Hungary
    Ferenc Horvai
    Morphotectonics of Mars at the University of Warsaw
    Wojciech Ozimkowski

    Martian hydrology and volatiles

    Interaction of volatiles and the surface of Mars
    Maria Błęcka
    The model of Martian rivers
    Leszek Czechowski, Piotr Witek and Katarzyna Misiura
    Interfacial water on Mars and its possible role on hydrogen peroxide decomposition
    Ákos Kereszturi and Sándor Gobi
    Dynamical modeling of fluvial deposition processes on Mars
    Piotr Witek and Leszek Czechowski
    Evidence of water from LHB on the largest Martian crater Hellas in comparison to other craters
    Natalia Zalewska

    Mass wasting processes

    Landslide propagation: simulations of granular gravitational collapse using molecular dynamics
    Timur Borykov, Anne Mangeney, Daniel Mège and Patrick Richard

    Mission concepts, instruments and sensors

    Remote Science Support Team during MARS2013: testing a map based system of data processing and utilization for the future long-duration planetary missions
    Anna Łosiak, Izabela Gołębiowska, Csilla Orgel, Linda Moser, Jane MacArthur, Andrea Boyd, Sebastian Hettrich, Natalie Jones, Gernot Groemer
    Exploration of Mars and Phobos with Galago, the Highland Terrain Hopper
    Daniel Mège, Joanna Gurgurewicz, Jerzy Grygorczuk, Łukasz Wiśniewski, Hans Rickman, Marek Banaszkiewicz, Tomasz Kuciński and Krzysztof Skocki
    Data fusion of soil measurements for traversability assessment of Martian surface: assumptions and concepts for new missions
    Piotr Węclewski and Krzysztof Skocki

    MPSE 2014 Rover demonstrations

    Scorpio 4 as an example of student approach to human-operated mobile robot construction
    Szymon Dzwończyk
    Planetary rover robotics experiment in education: carbonate rock collecting experiment of the HUSAR-5 rover of the Széchenyi István High School, Sopron, Hungary
    Ágota Lang, Kristóf Szalay, Ábel Kocsis, Péter Prajczer and Szaniszlo Bérczi
    Autonomic laboratory module for the SCORPIO 4 rover
    Agnieszka Rumińska

    Planetary Mapping

    SHARAD data mapping for surface composition detection
    Luigi Castaldo, Daniel Mège, Roberto Orosei, Giovanni Alberti and Joanna Gurgurewicz
    Thermal data processing for high-resolution mapping of Valles Marineris, Mars
    Marta Kubiak, Daniel Mège, Joanna Gurgurewicz, Jakub Ciążela and Krzysztof Dębniak
    A Phobos atlas derived form images of the high resolution stereo camerao (HRSC) on Mars Express
    Marita Wählisch, Konrad Willner and Jürgen Oberst
    The new topography of outer satellites - Io, Ganymede and Enveladus - derived form Voyager, Galileo and cassini images
    A. Zubarev, I. Nadezhdina, E. Lazarev, V. Patraty, I. Karachevtseva, A. Kokhanov, N. Kozlova and J. Oberst





    January 31, 2014
    Deadline for indication of interest
    February 15, 2014
    Second announcement
    April 20, 2014
    Deadline for workshop registration and abstract submission
    April 30, 2014
    Notification of abstract acceptance and format of presentations (oral/poster)
    May 5, 2014
    Posting of final agenda and conference programme
    May 11, 2014
    Deadline for optional excursion registration. For the Morasko excursion, payment of the excursion fee. Deadline for registration to the optional Thursday Dinner
    June 3-5, 2014
    Workshop. On site registration for CBK lab visits
    June 6, 2014
    Optional excursions






    The workshop will be held at the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (SRC PAS, Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN in Polish), located in Warsaw, west of the Vistula river. The address is Ulica Bartycka 18A.

    Directions are given here. The buses 108 and 167 stop in front of the CBK gate. More information will be posted later.


    Display Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN on a larger map




Remember that registration to both excursions is required before May 11th.


Excursion 1

Morasko meteorite nature reserve

Andrzej Muszyński, Wojciech Stankowski, Witold Szczuciński

Institute of Geology, Adam Miczkiewicz University


Morasko is the site of the largest iron meteorite shower in Central Europe, now protected as a nature reserve. The meteorite and the site are a subject of an intense research effort. The biggest fragments can be seen at the Institute of Geology of Adam Miczkiewicz University (UAM) in Poznań.

08:00 Bus transportation from Warsaw to Poznań

12:00 Arrival at the Institute of Geology of Adam Miczkiewicz University

12:00 -13:00 Morasko meteorite presentation

13:13 - 14:15 Lunch

14:30 - 16:30 Visite of the Morasko meteorite reserve

16: 30 - 20:30 Travel back to Warsaw

The cost of this excursion is 29 euros or 120 PLN/person. Look at the Registration and abstract submission page for payment instructions. This cost covers bus transportation, lunch, and a guidebook (entrance to the meteorite reserve is free)


Excursion 2

Discovery of Warsaw

Anna Łosiak

Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Research Centre in Wrocław


We will start at the Zamkowy Square at 9.00 am, go around the Old Town, follow Krakowskie Przedmieście/Nowy Świat/Chmielna to Pałac Kultury i Nauki, see Konstytucji Square and end up in Łazienki Park.

The entire route is ~12 km. We will not be going to any museums but we will get to the viewing point at the Pałac Kultury i Nauki. People can join or leave the trip when they want (they will be given my phone so they can contact me).

If the weather is fine, no bus tickets are required. People will need 18 PLN for the ticket to the viewing platform, and money for food (expect ~10 PLN for coffee, 10 PLN for cake, 20-25 PLN for lunch). Lunch will be in the Bambino Bar Mleczny around 13-14, coffee breaks at the Krakowskie Przedmieście and Łazienki Park.

If it will be raining plan will be modified accordingly (probably we will go around the Old Town, take a bus to the Warsaw Uprising Museum and end up in Pałac Kultury i Nauki). In this case a daily bus pass will be required (15 PLN), money for viewing point (18 PLN) and uprising museum (14 PLN) as well as for food (expect ~10 PLN for coffee, 10 PLN for cake, 20-25 PLN for lunch).

Please let the tour leader know if anyone has any special needs (e.g., vegetarian or has problems with walking).

Download a description of this sightseing tour!






  • Full Programme and abstract
  • Morasko Meteorite Nature Reserve field guidebook